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Traffic in women gayle rubin essay

traffic in women gayle rubin essay

Women." Rubin is responding to arguments made by Catharine MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin that the sex/gender system can be subsumed under sexuality, particularly the eroticization. The file will be sent to selected email address. Kinship systems assert the idea that heterosexual relationships are normal, and that women may be exchanged in order for men to receive social power. She does this in order to claim that the distinction between biological sex and gender is systematized; in other words, the norms are naturalized so much that the formation of gender identity within the system is nearly seamless. Rubin aptly points out that if heterosexuality were so "natural there would be no need for a cultural imperative to be heterosexual. She does not intend for the sex/gender system to be understood as a synonym for patriarchy; rather, she argues that it is "a neutral term which refers to the domain and indicates that oppression is not inevitable in that domain, but is the product.

This division of childcare is fundamental to the Oedipal complex; what if the mother and father cared for the child equally? Butler writes, "Politically, the costs are too great to choose between gift of the magi irony essay feminism, on the one hand, and radical sexual theory, on the other" (p. Instead of the "natural intuitive seamlessness of the relationship between sex and gender, Rubin argues that in every society, a system is in place, a specific mechanism that converts sex to gender. Freuds theorization of the Electra complex was built on the assumption that children were biologically heterosexual, and that a childs masculinity and femininity is innate to his/her corresponding sex; the girls Electra was meant to be the counterpart to the boys Oedipal. They should be distinguishable, but studied in conjunction; for example, Butler argues that "while it would be a mistake to argue that kinship relations associated with biological sex and gender uniformly govern the regulation of sexuality, it would be equally mistaken to claim their radical. I still heart Gayle Rubin. Subversion of the sex/gender system, Rubin argues, lies not only in the termination of oppression against women, but in the elimination of obligatory sexualities and sex roles (54). Because of this, she turns her desires to her father, who she hopes will give her the phallus he never does, however, and she realizes the only way she can receive it is through intercourse or a child both given to her by a man and that. To examine the formation of sex and gender, Rubin approaches the theories of psychoanalysis and, specifically, the Oedipal complex.